The carbon carbon composite material is made of carbon matrix and reinforced carbon fiber,the whole system is consist of carbon element,the extremely strong attractive force make the material very stable. Under very high tempterature,it still can maintain solid,especially under the 2500 centigrade. And the mechanical strength will increase with the growing of the tempterature,and the chemical composition does not change. The carbon carbon composite material is the best high temperature resistant material.
The 3D and 4D structure of the C/C material has been successfully used for the nose cone and nozzle. Strategic missile and anti missile reentry nose cone are made from the C/C composite material,and the structure is 3D material. Because of the accuracy requirements,the missile need the material no loss even under the high tempterature,and the carbon carbon composite material has the property,so it can be widely used for this.
Now among the strategic weapon,3D carbon carbon composite material is the most commonly used,and the production and technology is also the most mature. And the second one is 4D carbon carbon composite material,in addition ,2D carbon carbon composite material is also widely used in the engine diffusion section. The carbon carbon composite material is a promising high temperature resistant material in the future.
The reentry environment of ballistic missile is very poor. So the 3D structure is mostly used to increase the property of Z axis,and it can improve the erosion,and to overcome the problem of mechanical erosion occurring frequently in the severe reentry environment.To the 3D reinforced composite material, there is no weak link in any direction.
The presence of carbon fiber composite material is since sixty time,as it can be used for missile and astronavigation, many scholars were interested in it very much.